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What Biscuit Dough Forming Machine Function Have?

by:Golden Bake     2024-04-20

The Function of Biscuit Dough Forming Machine

Biscuits are a beloved treat that can be enjoyed at any time of the day. Whether it's a light and crispy biscuit or a soft and chewy one, they never fail to satisfy our taste buds. However, have you ever wondered how these delectable treats are made? The process of biscuit production involves various machines and equipment, each serving a specific function. One such machine that plays a crucial role in biscuit production is the biscuit dough forming machine. This article aims to delve into the various functions of a biscuit dough forming machine, exploring how it contributes to the production of perfect biscuits.

What is a Biscuit Dough Forming Machine?

Before delving into its functions, it is essential to understand what a biscuit dough forming machine is. A biscuit dough forming machine is a mechanical device that automates the process of forming biscuit dough into desired shapes and sizes. It is typically employed in large-scale biscuit factories, where efficiency and consistency are of utmost importance. This machine takes on the arduous task that would otherwise be done manually, streamlining the production process and ensuring uniformity in the end product.

The Function of Mixing the Dough

The first and one of the most important functions of a biscuit dough forming machine is mixing the dough. A well-formed dough is essential for producing biscuits with the desired texture and taste. The dough mixing process involves combining various ingredients, such as flour, sugar, fat, and flavorings, into a homogenous mixture. The biscuit dough forming machine mixes these ingredients thoroughly, ensuring that every particle is evenly distributed. This function is particularly critical as it determines the final quality and consistency of the biscuits.

During the mixing process, the machine employs various techniques, such as kneading and folding, to develop the dough's gluten network. Gluten, a protein present in wheat flour, provides elasticity and structure to the dough. The dough forming machine carefully controls the mixing time, temperature, and speed to achieve the optimum gluten development. This ensures that the biscuits have the desired texture, whether it is light and crumbly or dense and chewy.

Sheeting and Laminating the Dough

Once the dough is properly mixed, the biscuit dough forming machine moves on to the next function - sheeting and laminating the dough. Sheeting involves reducing the dough's thickness to the desired level, while laminating refers to the process of creating layers within the dough. Both these functions are crucial for achieving the desired biscuit texture.

The sheeting process involves passing the dough through a series of rollers, progressively reducing its thickness. This ensures that the dough is uniform and even, ready for further processing. Depending on the desired biscuit thickness, the machine allows for adjusting the roller gaps accordingly. The sheeted dough then moves on to the lamination process.

Lamination involves layering the dough, creating alternating layers of fat and dough. This process contributes to the flakiness and lightness of certain biscuits, such as puff pastry biscuits. The biscuit dough forming machine incorporates a lamination unit, where layers of fat and dough are precisely applied and compressed. This creates defined layers within the dough, resulting in the desired texture and appearance of the biscuits.

Cutting the Dough into Shapes

After the dough has been properly sheeted and laminated, the next function of the biscuit dough forming machine is cutting it into desired shapes. This step gives the biscuits their distinctive appearance and allows for customization according to market demands. The machine employs various cutting mechanisms to achieve precise and consistent shapes.

One common cutting mechanism used in biscuit dough forming machines is the rotary cutter. This type of cutter consists of a cylindrical drum with interchangeable cutting molds. As the sheeted dough passes through the cutter, it is precisely shaped into the desired form. The machine allows for adjusting the speed and pressure to ensure clean and accurate cutting. The rotary cutter can produce a wide range of biscuit shapes, from simple circles and squares to intricate designs.

In addition to rotary cutters, some biscuit dough forming machines also incorporate wire-cutting technology. Wire-cutting involves using thin wires to slice through the dough, creating unique shapes and patterns. This technique is particularly useful for producing biscuits with irregular shapes or delicate designs. The machine ensures that the wires are sharp and properly tensioned, resulting in clean and precise cuts.

Baking and Cooling

After the dough has been cut into shapes, the biscuit dough forming machine proceeds to the baking and cooling stage. Baking is arguably the most vital step in the biscuit production process, as it imparts the biscuits with their signature texture and flavor. The machine facilitates the baking process by ensuring consistent heat distribution and reliable control over baking time and temperature.

Kilns or ovens are integral components of the biscuit dough forming machine, where the shaped dough is subjected to controlled heat. The heat causes the biscuits to rise, creating a light and crispy texture. Depending on the type of biscuits being produced, the machine allows for adjusting the baking parameters accordingly. This ensures that every batch of biscuits is baked to perfection, with the desired color, texture, and aroma.

Once the biscuits have been baked, they need to be properly cooled before packaging and storage. The biscuit dough forming machine includes cooling conveyors or racks where the freshly baked biscuits are transported. These conveyors facilitate the cooling process by exposing the biscuits to ambient air, allowing them to harden and reach room temperature. Efficient cooling is essential to prevent moisture retention and maintain the biscuits' crispness and stability.


In conclusion, biscuit dough forming machines play a crucial role in the biscuit production process. From mixing the dough to cutting it into desired shapes and sizes, these machines automate and streamline the production, ensuring efficiency and consistency. The functions of biscuit dough forming machines, such as mixing the dough, sheeting and laminating, cutting the dough into shapes, and facilitating the baking and cooling stages, are vital in achieving the perfect biscuit. The use of these machines guarantees that each biscuit is produced with precision and meets the desired quality standards. So the next time you enjoy your favorite biscuit, remember the intricate processes involved in its creation, made possible by the remarkable biscuit dough forming machine.

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With all the pros and cons of different in mind, click Golden Bake Biscuit Production Line to learn more about and decide which biscuit production line option is best for your case.
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