Golden Bake - Industrial Automatic Biscuit Making Machinery Manufacturer.

Biscuit Dough Forming Machine Usage Guide

by:Golden Bake     2024-04-18


Biscuits have been a beloved treat for centuries, offering a delightful combination of crispness and flavor. To cater to the growing demand for biscuits, the automation of biscuit dough forming has become a necessity. Biscuit dough forming machines have revolutionized the biscuit industry by streamlining the production process, ensuring consistency, and increasing efficiency. In this usage guide, we will explore the various aspects of operating a biscuit dough forming machine, from setup to maintenance, to help you optimize your biscuit production.

Understanding the Biscuit Dough Forming Machine

The biscuit dough forming machine is a sophisticated piece of equipment that plays a vital role in the biscuit production line. It is designed to shape the dough into desired biscuit shapes and sizes, ensuring uniformity and precision. Let's delve into the key components and functions of a biscuit dough forming machine.

The Hopper:

The first component of the biscuit dough forming machine is the hopper. This large container holds the dough and allows it to flow smoothly into the forming mechanism. It is important to ensure that the hopper is clean and free from any residue or foreign particles that can contaminate the dough.

The Conveyor System:

The dough moves from the hopper onto the conveyor system. This system consists of a series of belts that transport the dough towards the forming mechanism. The speed of the conveyor can be adjusted to control the rate at which the dough is fed into the forming process.

The Forming Mechanism:

The heart of the biscuit dough forming machine is the forming mechanism. This mechanism consists of rollers, cutters, and molds that shape the dough into various biscuit shapes and sizes. The rollers flatten the dough to the desired thickness, while the cutters create the outer shape of the biscuit. Molds may also be used to add intricate patterns or designs to the biscuits.

The Control Panel:

To operate the biscuit dough forming machine, you need to understand its control panel. The control panel allows you to adjust various settings such as speed, temperature, and pressure. Familiarize yourself with the control panel and refer to the machine's manual for specific instructions on how to set the parameters for different dough types and biscuit shapes.

Setting Up the Biscuit Dough Forming Machine

Proper setup of the biscuit dough forming machine is essential for smooth operation and optimal biscuit production. In this section, we will guide you through the process of setting up the machine correctly.

1. Clean the Machine:

Before setting up the biscuit dough forming machine, it is crucial to clean all the components thoroughly. Remove any traces of dough, oil, or residue from previous runs. This ensures the hygiene of your biscuits and prevents contamination.

2. Adjust the Conveyor:

Position the conveyor system at the desired height. The ideal height will depend on the size and type of biscuits you intend to produce. Ensure that the conveyor is level and securely fastened to prevent any misalignment during operation.

3. Install the Rollers, Cutters, and Molds:

Depending on the biscuit shapes you plan to produce, install the appropriate rollers, cutters, and molds. These can be easily attached and secured to the forming mechanism. Refer to the machine's manual for specific instructions on how to install and align these components correctly.

4. Connect the Power Supply:

Ensure that the biscuit dough forming machine is properly connected to a stable power supply. Verify that the voltage requirements of the machine match the available power source to prevent any electrical issues.

5. Preheat if Required:

Some biscuit dough forming machines may require preheating before operation. Check the machine's manual to determine if preheating is necessary and follow the specified instructions if applicable. Preheating helps maintain consistent dough temperature and enhances the shaping process.

Operating the Biscuit Dough Forming Machine

With the machine correctly set up, it's time to operate the biscuit dough forming machine. This section will guide you through the step-by-step process of running the machine efficiently.

1. Prepare the Dough:

Ensure that your dough is properly mixed and has the desired consistency. The dough should be adequately hydrated to avoid stickiness during the forming process. If the dough is too dry, adjust the recipe accordingly. It is essential to maintain consistency in dough preparation for uniform biscuit production.

2. Feed the Dough into the Hopper:

Gently pour or transfer the prepared dough into the hopper of the biscuit dough forming machine. Avoid forcefully pushing the dough into the hopper, as this can damage the forming mechanism and affect the quality of the biscuits.

3. Adjust the Conveyor Speed:

Based on the required production rate and the dough's characteristics, adjust the conveyor speed accordingly. Slow down the conveyor for sticky or delicate dough to ensure proper formation, and increase the speed for firmer dough. Monitor the dough flow onto the conveyor and make adjustments as needed.

4. Set the Desired Biscuit Shape and Size:

Review the options available for biscuit shape and size on your biscuit dough forming machine. Choose the desired shape and adjust the parameters on the control panel, including the cutter size and roller thickness. Each shape and size may require specific settings, so consult the machine's manual for guidance.

5. Start the Machine:

Once the dough is flowing smoothly onto the conveyor and the desired shape and size are configured, start the biscuit dough forming machine. Observe the forming mechanism as it shapes the dough into biscuits. Ensure that the dough is evenly distributed and that there are no issues with sticking or misalignment.

6. Monitor and Adjust as Needed:

Throughout the operation, closely monitor the machine's performance, paying attention to the shape, size, and consistency of the biscuits. Adjust the parameters on the control panel if necessary to maintain the desired output. Also, regularly check for any dough build-up or blockages that may hinder the machine's efficiency.

7. Collect the Formed Biscuits:

As the machine continues to operate, collect the formed biscuits from the conveyor. Use appropriate containers or trays to prevent breakage or damage to the biscuits. Arrange a system to ensure the timely transfer of the biscuits to the baking process, preventing any unnecessary delays.

Maintenance and Troubleshooting

To ensure the longevity and uninterrupted operation of your biscuit dough forming machine, regular maintenance is crucial. Additionally, by being aware of potential issues and how to troubleshoot them, you can minimize downtime and maximize productivity.

Maintenance Tips:

1. Cleaning:

After each production run, thoroughly clean the biscuit dough forming machine. Remove any remnants of dough, oil, or debris from the components. Pay special attention to hard-to-reach areas where residue may accumulate. Regular cleaning prevents the build-up of contaminants and maintains the machine's efficiency.

2. Lubrication:

Periodically, apply lubrication to the moving parts of the biscuit dough forming machine. This helps reduce friction and ensures smooth operation. Be mindful of using the recommended lubricants and quantities specified in the machine's manual to avoid any adverse effects on the dough or machine components.

3. Inspection:

Regularly inspect the machine for any signs of wear or damage. Check the belts, rollers, cutters, and molds for any cracks, misalignment, or excessive wear. Promptly replace any worn or damaged parts to prevent further complications during operation.

Troubleshooting Common Issues:

1. Dough Sticking to the Rollers:

If the dough sticks to the rollers and affects the biscuit formation, review the dough consistency. Adjust the dough hydration or consider using anti-stick coatings on the rollers. Alternatively, reducing the roller speed or increasing the roller temperature can help prevent sticking.

2. Dough Not Feeding Properly:

When the dough does not feed smoothly into the forming mechanism, evaluate the hopper's flow rate and the conveyor speed. Ensure that the hopper is not overloaded or unevenly fed. Adjust the conveyor speed to synchronize with the dough flow, preventing blockages or irregular formation.

3. Uneven Biscuit Shape or Size:

If the biscuits are uneven in shape or size, examine the cutter alignment and roller thickness settings. Misalignment or improper adjustment can lead to inconsistencies. Make the necessary adjustments to ensure proper alignment and uniform thickness for consistent biscuit production.

4. Machine Jam or Blockage:

In the event of a machine jam or blockage, immediately turn off the biscuit dough forming machine and disconnect the power supply. Identify the location of the blockage and carefully clear it, following the machine's manual instructions. Exercise caution to avoid injuries or damage to the machinery.


Operating a biscuit dough forming machine requires careful setup, attention to detail, and regular maintenance. By familiarizing yourself with the components and functions of the machine, following the correct procedures, and troubleshooting potential issues, you can achieve consistent and high-quality biscuit production. Remember to consult the machine's manual for specific instructions and guidelines tailored to your biscuit dough forming machine. With proper usage and maintenance, your biscuit dough forming machine will become an indispensable asset in meeting the demands of biscuit lovers worldwide.

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